This episode we discuss concussions, the sequelae that happen as a result of concussions, and the long term effects of repeated head trauma. We seek answers from “Captain Cortex”, Prof. Stuart Swadron. Medical team physician for the Cleveland Indians, Dr Tom Waters, explains the process of assessing when an injured player in the NFL can go back in the game. Dave’s personal trainer, Steven Yates, talks about his experience with concussions, as a former college football player. And Jess speaks to a young patient and his mother, who recently came into the ER after a head injury, about their story.




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  • MacFarlane MP, Glenn TC. Neurochemical cascade of concussion. Brain injury. 2015 Jan 28;29(2):139-53.
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  • McCrory P, Meeuwisse WH, Aubry M, Cantu B, Dvořák J, Echemendia RJ, Engebretsen L, Johnston K, Kutcher JS, Raftery M, Sills A. Consensus statement on concussion in sport: the 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. British journal of sports medicine. 2013 Apr 1;47(5):250-8.
  • McCrory P, Davis G, Makdissi M. Second impact syndrome or cerebral swelling after sporting head injury. Current sports medicine reports. 2012 Jan 1;11(1):21-3.
  • McCrory PR, Berkovic SF. Second impact syndrome. Neurology. 1998 Mar 1;50(3):677-83.
  • Mower WR, Hoffman JR, Herbert M, Wolfson AB, Pollack Jr CV, Zucker MI, NEXUS II Investigators. Developing a decision instrument to guide computed tomographic imaging of blunt head injury patients. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 2005 Oct 1;59(4):954-9.
  • Omalu BI, DeKosky ST, Minster RL, Kamboh MI, Hamilton RL, Wecht CH. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in a National Football League player. Neurosurgery. 2005 Jul 1;57(1):128-34.
  • Omalu BI, DeKosky ST, Hamilton RL, Minster RL, Kamboh MI, Shakir AM, Wecht CH. Chronic traumatic encephalopathy in a national football league player: part II. Neurosurgery. 2006 Nov 1;59(5):1086-93.
  • Provance AJ, Engelman GH, Terhune EB, Coel RA. Management of sport-related concussion in the pediatric and adolescent population. Orthopedics. 2015 Dec 23.


  • Nagel, Maureen., & Nagel, Mason. (2016, January 15). Personal Interview.
  • Swadron M.D., Stuart. (2016, January 15). Personal Interview.
  • Waters M.D., Tom. (2016, January 15). Personal Interview.
  • Yates, Steven. (2016, February 5). Personal Interview.


  • [Sony Pictures Entertainment]. (2015, August 31). Concussion - Official Trailer (2015) - Will Smith. [Video File]. Retrieved from https://youtu.be/Io6hPdC41RM


  • Eccles, M. (2016). Background Music [Recorded by Matt Eccles]. On TWHAB Podcast Episode 13: Concussions. [WAV file]. Los Angeles, California, USA: FoolyBoo, Inc.